Safe, insulating and aesthetic. These are the characteristics that both the door of entry to your house as the windows and enclosures that you decide to install in it. But what to look for? What aspects should you value? We have consulted several experts who give us the keys to succeed in the election.
The entrance doors, depending on the frame, the leaf and the closure, offer different levels of protection. Steel armored ones are the safest. Unlike them, the armored ones are made of wood reinforced with steel sheet.
Windows and enclosures They also influence the thermal and acoustic insulation of the house. "In any case, if the sheet is made of glass, it must be safety, incorporating the anti-aggression of the range SGG Stadip Protect, from Saint-Gobain Building Glass, "explains David Blanco, manager of the Technical Information Center for Glass Applications. Double glazing SGG Climalit Plus® Reinforced Technical Insulation for windows allow to reduce up to 60% of energy losses through the glass. "The choice of glass, which accounts for 80% of the surface of the bay, is decisive when it comes to achieving effective energy savings," says Bruno Rodríguez, head of the prescribing of the architectural sector of the Guardian Glass Spain firm.
"In our project The Desert House - Bruno Rodríguez continues - we have used the solution Guardian SNX 60, a glass that helps the comfort of the user, allowing you to enjoy pleasant average temperatures inside the house, regardless of whether it is cold or hot. "Mayte Espuela, communication manager of the firm Technal Spain -pecialized in aluminum carpentry- adds another Interesting factor: "The choice of glazing depends on the orientation, its opening, the need for light ..."
The profiling also influences the isolation, since, as Celia Rodríguez, of the Kömmerling Systems marketing department explains, "is the part of the enclosure that is anchored to the wall. PVC is an insulating material with low thermal transmittance, which will cause the outside cold not to enter inside".
The Technal firm has aluminum carpentry that, thanks to the incorporation of the thermal bridge break, offer high performance in thermal insulation. As for the noise, for Giorgio Grillo, general director of Deceuninck Spain, "carpentry is the weakest point of the facade".
"It is necessary to use windows with glazing appropriate to the type of noise we want isolate and low air permeability. "And what happens to the blinds? The drawer must have good acoustic performance, says Giorgio Grillo, who adds that "it is recommended that they be operated by an engine." Other external elements also help keep the interior of the house safe from high temperatures, such as awnings and shutters. The latter, common in coastal areas, protect from sea moisture, function as an insulator to prevent windows from fogging and letting air pass.Advertising - Continue reading below RUSTIC DOOR María Primo de Rivera
How should the entrance door of an independent house? Safety is essential, but it is also important that it fits the construction style. In the rustic houses it is worth recovering original pieces, which retain the essence of the typical architecture of the area.
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Choosing the doors that best fit the facade does not have to be complicated. In the market you will find a wide variety of different materials, such as aluminum, steel, wrought iron, pvc, solid wood, glass or glass. Undoubtedly, the least risky is to install a sheet whose aesthetics mimic the construction of the building and help you achieve a harmonious set.GOOD INSULATION
Avoiding heat and cold losses will make your home very comfortable. The closing system Zendow # neo Premium, Deceuninck, has an innovative continuous fiberglass reinforcement, which insulates better than the traditional metal used in other PVC windows. The profiles are more slender and with a high mechanical resistance that allows triple glass to be up to 54 mm thick.
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It is one of the main objectives of glazed enclosures. Although the most frequent is to install them on the main and rear facades - especially when it leads to a garden -, it is also possible to use them to replace other parts of the wall, as in this house. Regardless of its location, this solution represents a significant saving in the cost of electricity.
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It will allow you to have a panoramic view of the surroundings. A good option is the large multi-lane sliders that, in addition to ensuring high technical and mechanical performance, ensure greater comfort and thermal performance. As in this project, by Carmela Mereciano.
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The enclosure has a decisive influence on thermal, acoustic insulation and its safety. Mayte Espuela, responsible for communication of Technal Spain, ensures that aluminum carpentry, in addition to being very durable and resistant, supports glazed surfaces of all sizes. An example is the Galene sliding door, with thermal bridge breakage and lifting fittings that facilitate its opening and closing.
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Large windows and glass doors are the ideal resource for connecting interior and exterior. But as they say from Saint-Gobain Building Glass, this installation must be safe both in its fixed position, and when it opens in practicable systems. Today there are solutions that allow the integration of SGG Securit tempered glass and SGG Stadip / Stadip Protect laminates that can be combined with the ATR layers of the SGG Planitherm range, safe for the user.
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They are an excellent option when low light is available. In the inclined roofs, a rotating opening can be installed - the lower part of the broken leaf towards the outside of the house and the upper part, towards the interior - or projectors, in which the leaf slides out and does not take up space inside the house. In the image, two Velux models: top, manual swivel, at 78 x 98 cm (€ 456), and bottom, vertical, at 78 x 95 cm (€ 714.91).
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They are large panels that frame the exterior. To maintain an optimal indoor temperature, it is important to take into account the orientation of the house and the type of glass. The Guardian Glass company has a specific online configurator, www.deventanasadentro.es, which advises the user on which glass is best suited to their needs. Kitchen designed by the architect Cristina Casanovas.PERGOLAS Pablo Sarabia /
In addition to efficient profiles and glassware, other mechanisms prevent the thermometer from firing. A pergola next to the facade prevents it from getting hot. The bioclimatic ones, like those of the signature Saxun, regulate the temperature of the space that they cover, in a natural way, with its roof of automated adjustable slats that also optimizes the sunlight. These also include a rubber gasket, which prevents rainwater from entering.
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If you want, or require you, to keep the design of certain windows -for example, the balconies that overlook the main facade of some old buildings-, there are firms such as Román Windows & Doors that make replicas in current materials, with double or triple glazing for perfect thermal and acoustic insulation. Its shutters fulfill the same function as blinds and curtains.
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When the panoramic does not reach the floor, you can take advantage of the space under the window in different ways: from placing a sofa to make a custom bench with cushions on the seat and the backrest to make it more comfortable. Another option is to plan custom cabinets or drawers and gain valuable storage areas. In the picture, a window seat designed by the Ábaton architecture studio.
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To take advantage of a window, make a striking fence around the bay. If it is in a contrasting material, you will make it look much bigger and gain importance in the facade. Project, by Carmen Straatsma.
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